philosepi Bibliography

Here is a short and as yet unorganised collection of epidemiology-related works with a philosophical component. Suggestions for inclusions are very welcome.

Broadbent, Alex. 2008. “For Analytic Bioethics.” Clinical Ethics 3: 185-188.

———. 2009. “Causation and models of disease in epidemiology.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40: 302-311.

———. 2011a. Causal inference in epidemiology: mechanisms, black boxes, and contrasts. In Causality in the Sciences, ed. Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo, and Jon Williamson, 45-69. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

———. 2011b. “Defining neglected disease.” BioSocieties 6 (1): 51-70. doi:10.1057/biosoc.2010.41.

Carter, K. Codell. 2003. The Rise of Causal Concepts of Disease. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Eells, Ellery. 1991. Probabilistic Causality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Greenland, Sander. 2004. “The Need for Critical Appraisal of Expert Witnesses in Epidemiology and Statistics.” Wake Forest Law Review 39 (2): 291-310.

Greenland, Sander, Manuela Gago-Dominguez, and Jose Esteban Castelao. 2004. “The Value of Risk-Factor (‘Black Box’) Epidemiology.” Epidemiology 15 (5): 529-535.

Greenland, Sander, and James Robins. 1988. “Conceptual Problems in the Definition and Interpretation of Attributable Fractions.” American Journal of Epidemiology 128 (6): 1185-1197.

———. 2000. “Epidemiology, Justice, and the Probability of Causation.” Jurimetrics 40: 321.

Haack, Susan. 2004. “An Epistemologist Among the Epidemiologists.” Epidemiology 15 (5): 521-522.

Hill, Austin Bradford. 1965. “The environment and disease: association or causation?” Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 58: 259-300.

Ioannidis, John P.A. 2005. “Why Most Published Research Findings Are Wrong.” PLoS Medicine 2 (8): e124.

Kaufman, Jay S. 2010. “Towards a More Disproportionate Epidemiology.” Epidemiology 21 (1): 1-2.

Marmot, Michael. 2006. “Health in an unequal world: social circumstances, biology, and disease.” Clinical Medicine 6 (6): 559-572.

Parascandola, M., and D. L Weed. 2001. “Causation in epidemiology.” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 55: 905―912.

Parascandola, Mark. 1998. “What is Wrong with the Probability of Causation?” Jurimetrics 39: 29-44.

Robins, James, and Sander Greenland. 1989. “The Probability of Causation under a Stochastic Model for Individual Risk.”Biometrics 45: 1125-1138.

Rose, Geoffrey. 1992. The Strategy of Preventive Medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rothman, Kenneth J. 1976. “Causes.” American Journal of Epidemiology 104 (6): 587―592.

Rothman, Kenneth J, and Sander Greenland. 2005. “Causation and Causal Inference in Epidemiology.” American Journal of Public Health (Supplement 1) 95 (S1): S144―S150.

Rothman, Kenneth J, Sander Greenland, and Timothy L Lash. 2008. Modern Epidemiology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Sober, Elliot. 1988. “Apportioning Causal Responsibility.” The Journal of Philosophy 85 (6): 303-318.

Susser, Mervyn. 1991. “What is a cause and how do we know one?” American Journal of Epidemiology 133 (7): 635–647.

Szklo, Moyses, and F. Javier Nieto. 2007. Epidemiology: Beyond the Basics. 2nd ed. Boston, Toronto, London, Singapore: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Wright, Richard. 1988. “Causation, Responsibility, Risk, Probability, Naked Statistics, and Proof: Pruning the Bramble Bush by Clarifying the Concepts.” Iowa Law Review 73: 1001-1077.

———. 2008. “Liability for Possible Wrongs: Causation, Statistical Probability, and the Burden of Proof.” Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 41: 1295-1344.

5 thoughts on “Resources

  1. I appreciate that this material is not thoroughly organized, but I’m about to read your Philosophy of Epidemiology and I’m curious what of these works would make a good companion/follow up to that (I’m about mid-undergrad through a degree in philosophy and mathematics with biology as a minor, if that tells you anything useful).


    • I would recommend reading a general intro to epidemiology such at the one by Sarraci. It will be useful to get a sense of how epidemiologists talk and think, if you already have the philosophy background.


      • I’m sure it would! But if you are interested in philosophical aspects it is worth also reading around. Another interesting read is Greenland’s collection “evolution of epidemiological concepts and methods” (or similar…). And also Morabia’s history of epidemiological methods is good and approachable.


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